How do we deal with Evil? And for that matter, what is Evil?
Is it Evil when your family are bigoted around the dinner table? In an age where Conservatives and Leftists are at each other’s throats, we take a look at Freedom – the big battleground of our age – through the eyes of Simone De Beauvoir, and Evil through the eyes of Hannah Arendt.
Also, there’s some interesting stuff on changing the minds of bigots, and social identity theory – AND a delicious vegan Hot Chocolate!
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↓↓↓ More info and sources below ↓↓↓
0:22 Christmas Credits
1:31 Christmas Intro
2:21 What is “good”?
7:26 What is evil?
11:40 Mr. Slippy
14:27 Minority Groups and Social Identity
18:18 The Banality of Evil
Written by Neil Farrell and Sarah Oeffler
Additional research by Sarah Oeffler
Special thanks to our patrons: Louise Grath, Unoriginal Content, and Lacey Eberl
Creative commons vaporware video credits:
Royalty Free Tube:
Image and audio credits:
Kline, M. A., Shamsudheen, R., & Broesch, T. (2018). Variation is the universal: making cultural evolution work in developmental psychology. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373(1743), 20170059.
de Beauvoir, S. (1949). The ethics of ambiguity. B. Frechtman Trans. Citadel Press.
Gaudet, S., Clément, R., & Deuzeman, K. (2005). Daily hassles, ethnic identity and psychological adjustment among Lebanese‐Canadians. International Journal of Psychology, 40, 157–168.
Sellers, R.M., Caldwell, C.H., Schmeelk‐Cone, K.H., & Zimmerman, M.A. (2003). Racial identity, racial discrimination, and psychological distress among African‐American young adults. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 302–317.
Williams, D. R., & Mohammed, S. A. (2009). Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research. Journal of behavioral medicine, 32(1), 20-47.
Taylor, J., & Jackson, B. (1990). Factors affecting alcohol consumption in black women, Part II. The International Journal of the Addictions, 25(12), 1415–1427.
Arendt, Hannah (February–March 1963). “Eichmann in Jerusalem. 5 parts”. The New Yorker. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
Kalla, J. L., & Broockman, D. E. (2020). Reducing exclusionary attitudes through interpersonal conversation: evidence from three field experiments. American Political Science Review, 114(2), 410-425.
If you need an example of how to change a bigot’s mind, look here:
(Content Warning: contains transphobic views)
And a real good book about social identity theory!
Haslam, C., Jetten, J., Cruwys, T., Dingle, G.A., Haslam, S.A., (2018) The new psychology of health: unlocking the social cure. New York. Routledge
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